Chemical Biology News

  • Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of α-substituted isonipecotic acid benzothiazole analogues as potent bacterial type II topoisomerase inhibitors.

    Chemical Biology Study points to novel antibacterials

    Axford LC, Agarwal PK, Anderson KH, Andrau LN, Atherall J, Barker S, Bennett JM, Blair M, Collins I, Czaplewski LG, Davies DT, Gannon CT, Kumar D, Lancett P, Logan A, Lunniss CJ, Mitchell DR, Offermann DA, Palmer JT, Palmer N, Pitt GR, Pommier S, Price D, Narasinga Rao B, Saxena R, Shukla T, Singh AK, Singh M, Srivastava A, Steele C, Stokes NR, Thomaides-Brears HB, Tyndall EM, Watson D, Haydon DJ.

    Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2013 Nov 4. pii: S0960-894X(13)01264-X. doi: 10.1016/j.bmcl.2013.10.058. [Epub ahead of print]

    The discovery and optimisation of a new class of benzothiazole small molecules that inhibit bacterial DNA gyrase and topoisomerase IV are described. Antibacterial properties have been demonstrated by activity against DNA gyrase ATPase and potent activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis, Streptococcus pyogenes and Haemophilus influenzae. Further refinements to the scaffold designed to enhance drug-likeness included analogues bearing an α-substituent to the carboxylic acid group, resulting in excellent solubility and favourable pharmacokinetic properties.



  • Biological Evaluation of Benzothiazole Ethyl Urea Inhibitors of Bacterial Type II Topoisomerases.

    Chemical Biology study published describing the characterisation of novel antibacterial compounds

    Stokes NR, Thomaides-Brears HB, Barker S, Bennett JM, Berry J, Collins I, Czaplewski LG, Gamble V, Lancett P, Logan A, Lunniss CJ, Peasley H, Pommier S, Price D, Smee C, Haydon DJ.

    Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2013 Dec;57(12):5977-86

    The type II topoisomerases DNA gyrase (GyrA/GyrB) and topoisomerase IV (ParC/ParE) are well-validated targets for antibacterial drug discovery. Because of their structural and functional homology, these enzymes are amenable to dual targeting by a single ligand. In this study, two novel benzothiazole ethyl urea-based small molecules, designated compound A and compound B, were evaluated for their biochemical, antibacterial, and pharmacokinetic properties. The two compounds inhibited the ATPase activity of GyrB and ParE with 50% inhibitory concentrations of <0.1 μg/ml. Prevention of DNA supercoiling by DNA gyrase was also observed. Both compounds potently inhibited the growth of a range of bacterial organisms, including staphylococci, streptococci, enterococci, Clostridium difficile, and selected Gram-negative respiratory pathogens. MIC90s against clinical isolates ranged from 0.015 μg/ml for Streptococcus pneumoniae to 0.25 μg/ml for Staphylococcus aureus. No cross-resistance with common drug resistance phenotypes was observed. In addition, no synergistic or antagonistic interactions between compound A or compound B and other antibiotics, including the topoisomerase inhibitors novobiocin and levofloxacin, were detected in checkerboard experiments. The frequencies of spontaneous resistance for S. aureus were <2.3 × 10(-10) with compound A and <5.8 × 10(-11) with compound B at concentrations equivalent to 8× the MICs. These values indicate a multitargeting mechanism of action. The pharmacokinetic properties of both compounds were profiled in rats. Following intravenous administration, compound B showed approximately 3-fold improvement over compound A in terms of both clearance and the area under the concentration-time curve. The measured oral bioavailability of compound B was 47.7%.



  • Lessons to be learnt about the discovery and development of new antibacterials

    Antibiotic Action, supported by the BSAC, the Medical Research Council, The Wellcome Trust and BBSRC, invited fifty international experts from academia, science, medicine and industry consider what lessons can be learnt from the last 40-years to aid the discovery and development of new antibacterial agents. In a ground breaking event speakers examined issues such as why interesting antibiotic molecules were not developed, to difficulties in developing antibiotic drugs for Gram negative infections.

    A summary of the meeting can be found at:



  • Chemical Biology Ventures Ltd Completes a Translational Research Portfolio Review for a leading UK University

    Universities face increasing pressure to demonstrate that they are internationally competitive in teaching, academic and translational research. Chemical Biology Ventures Limited provides life and chemical sciences translational research portfolio review and mentoring to improve organisational effectiveness in the progression, funding and partnering of translational research.

    The portfolio review:

    · Identified distinctive & internationally competitive translational opportunities

    · Recommended focus through prioritisation of therapeutic areas and technologies

    · Triaged projects for pump-priming funds

    · Identified obstacles to delivery of translational projects & provided potential solutions

    · Provided options to package unique projects, expertise & technologies to aid marketing

    · Mapped projects & technologies onto external unmet needs

    · Identified spin out opportunities

    · Considered models to fund translational research

    · Provided translational mentoring to improve project progression and funding application success rates

    Please contact Chemical Biology Ventures to explore how we might work with your University or Company to enhance outcomes.



  • Turning study reports into publications

    Chemical Biology Ventures successfully completed an assignment to review preclinical study reports, to provide a publication strategy and to write the first full paper describing the detailed characterisation of a preclinical compound. The paper was accepted by a leading high impact Journal.

    With Company downsizing and staff turnover, effectively managing legacy data from lab books and study reports can be a real problem. Chemical Biology Ventures provided an independent review of the information, a clear path to high value publications that will increase community awareness of the attributes of the compounds and will help engage with key opinion leaders as the programme enters clinical evaluation.



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